Where to find job opportunities abroad

Job Opportunities abroad for Teachers can be accessed from the following areas:

  1. Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA): an arm of the government and agency attached to the Department of Labour and Employment that manages migration of Filipino overseas.
  2. Recruitment agencies licensed with the POEA often advertise through the media, at schools / universities, and at job fairs. 

Conditions of service

The government of Philippines through the MIGRANT WORKERS AND OVERSEAS FILIPINOS ACT OF 1995 ensures and guarantees that migrant Filipino Workers are only deployed to overseas countries where migrant workers’ rights are protected. The Filipino government seeks the following bases for guarantee:

  1. Existing social and labour laws protect migrant workers, especially teachers 
  2. The country is a signatory to international conventions, declaration or resolutions related to workers’ protection rights 
  3. The country has concluded bilateral agreements with governments on the protection of workers’ rights 

Recognition and transferability of Qualifications

As stated in the Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act, (1995), the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) is the sole government agency responsible for managing the process of international recruitment of migrant teachers in the country. In collaboration with overseas employers or employment agencies, POEA systematically delivers all the necessary services for the recruitment and deployment of Filipino workers overseas. 

Employment regulations governing resignation

Resignation is governed by Republic Act No. 4670 (1966), also known as the “Magna Carta for Public School Teachers.” Teachers hired to work abroad are usually allowed to apply for (study) leave of absence for one (1) year only, and after working for seven service years. During this period, a teacher is entitled to at least 60% monthly salary. 

 If after one year, a teacher decides to pursue working abroad, they have to come back and file for resignation. If the concerned teacher does not come back after one year, then he/she is automatically removed from the service.

A teacher who has less than 15 years-experience in the teaching profession may resign and his/her personal contribution to the government insurance system shall be refunded without interest but he/she will lost his/her security of tenure. Teachers who have been in service for at least 15 years may opt for an early retirement from the service and make use of the early retirement scheme and wait until he/she reaches the age of 60 to avail him/herself for pension. 

Transferring Benefits (Salary, Pensions)

Social security benefits are paid to teachers/non-teaching personnel based on the number of years of rendered service and the total contributions, usually given in a lump sum amount. 

Article 22 of the Philippine Labour Code legally mandates overseas teachers to remit a portion of their Foreign Exchange Earnings to their families, dependents or beneficiaries.

Regulations of Re-engagement

Public schools teachers in the Philippines who wish to come back to teach may retain their positions if they are given an approved leave of absence of one year. Exceptions may be granted for teachers who need an additional semester to finish graduate study.

Section 10 of the MIGRANT WORKERS AND OVERSEAS FILIPINOS ACT OF 1995 legally mandates the Department of Labour and Employment through its agency, the National Reintegration Centre for Overseas Filipino workers (NRCO), to re-integrate returnee teachers into the country. The agency has developed mechanisms and programmes designed to motivate and reintegrate returnee Filipino Teachers to the Philippine society. The NRCO is tasked to work with diverse stakeholders promotes local employment, tapping the potential skills and experiences of returnees for national development, and conducting capacity development where appropriate.

Support structures for teachers intending to migrate

Teachers’ Unions

National Alliance of Teachers and Office Workers (SMP-NATOW) 

Alliance of Concerned Teachers (ACT) 

Philippine Public School Teachers' Association (PPSTA) 

Teachers' Organisation of the Philippine Public Sector (TOPPS)

Federation of Free Workers - Trade Federation VIII (FFW)

Basic Education Sector Teachers Federation (BESTFED)

Recruitment Agencies

There is no recruitment agency specifically in-charge of overseas teacher placement. Instead, several agencies post opportunities. Only those licensed/accredited by the Department of Labour & Employment and Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) can legally recruit teachers for employment abroad. 

Aspiring migrants can verify that their recruiter is licensed through a search by name at http://poea.gov.ph/cgi-bin/agsearch.asp 

However, as in the case of Isidro Rodriguez and the “Great Service Provider” agency, professionals contracted with POEA-licensed recruiters have also experienced problems. Independent research is encouraged. The POEA has compiled resources and information to avoid predatory recruiters, available at http://www.poea.gov.ph/air/air.htm 


Conditions of service

Transferring Benefits (Salary, Pensions)

According to the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA), bilateral social security agreements have been negotiated and signed with Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Republic of Korea and Switzerland.

A similar agreement has been finalized with Canada and is expected to be signed shortly. Negotiations are in progress with Australia, Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Finland, Greece, and Italy. Two rounds of exploratory talks have been held with the USA.

All Social Security Agreements can be found online, and are labeled as ‘in force’ or ‘not in force,’ by country.

Support structures for teachers intending to migrate

The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) signed bilateral labor protection agreements with Jordan and Qatar.

Memorandums of Understanding (MOU) have been signed with Bahrain, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, United Arab Emirates. MOIA is working on MOUs with Poland, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and Yemen, and is looking at other labor receiving countries in Europe and South East Asia. The MOUs generally

  1. Declare mutual intent to enhance employment opportunities and for bilateral cooperation in protection and welfare of workers. 
  2. Require the host country to take measures for protection and welfare of the workers in unorganized sector. 
  3. State the broad procedure that the foreign employer shall follow to recruit Indian workers. 
  4. Describe recruitment and terms of employment in conformity of the laws of both countries 
  5. Establish a Joint Working Group constituted to ensure implementation of the MOU and to meet regularly to find solutions to bilateral labor problems.

Overseas Workers’ Resource Center

A 24/7 hotline (+91.11.40503090 or toll free: 1.800.11.3090) provides information to emigrants, potential migrants and families in 11 languages. MOIA reports that “complaints or grievances received on the helpline are promptly attended to, and feedback provided to the complainant.” 

Submit public grievances with the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances.

Additionally, the Center monitors and follows up to address grievances, and offers walk-in counselling from 10am to 5pm:

D-19 Okhla Industrial Area

Phase-1, New Delhi -110019

Teachers’ Unions

Recruitment Agencies

Recruitment agencies must register with the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA). Registered recruiters are expected to follow guidelines outlined by MOIA:

  • Prominently display a copy of the registration certificate at the place of business indicated in the application, as well as registration number of the agent
  • Do no employ sub-agents, contractors, brokers or intermediaries 
  • Charge only the prescribed fee to migrants for services rendered. As of April 2, 2014:
    • The equivalent of 45 days wages outlined at the level of remuneration in the employment contract –OR–
    • A maximum Rs.20,000
  • Adhere to prescribed standard wages
  • File copes of advertisements for recruits with the Protector of Emigrants, with factually correct information and no inducement or misrepresentation
  • Do not charge the migrant repatriation expenses
  • Provide details of employment, including contract conditions, before recruitment
  • Provide receipt for payments from migrant
  • Arrange to test the trade or professional skills of potential migrants

Recruiters are also expected to facilitate 

  • Reception in country of employment
  • Completion of an unaltered contract, and prevention of employer contract breaches
  • Timely renewal of documents for staying in-country
  • Amicable settlement of disputes between employer and migrant

The list of registered recruiters for India can be found by following these instructions, to an alphabetical list

Since recruitment agencies’ registration is valid for five years, they may be placed on a watch list by the MOIA within that time frame. Currently watch listed recruiters can be found here.

Missions abroad

Find a mission in a foreign country with this alphabetized list of Missions and Consuls.