Conditions of service

Transferring Benefits (Salary, Pensions)

According to the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA), bilateral social security agreements have been negotiated and signed with Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Republic of Korea and Switzerland.

A similar agreement has been finalized with Canada and is expected to be signed shortly. Negotiations are in progress with Australia, Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Finland, Greece, and Italy. Two rounds of exploratory talks have been held with the USA.

All Social Security Agreements can be found online, and are labeled as ‘in force’ or ‘not in force,’ by country.

Support structures for teachers intending to migrate

The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) signed bilateral labor protection agreements with Jordan and Qatar.

Memorandums of Understanding (MOU) have been signed with Bahrain, Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, United Arab Emirates. MOIA is working on MOUs with Poland, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and Yemen, and is looking at other labor receiving countries in Europe and South East Asia. The MOUs generally

  1. Declare mutual intent to enhance employment opportunities and for bilateral cooperation in protection and welfare of workers. 
  2. Require the host country to take measures for protection and welfare of the workers in unorganized sector. 
  3. State the broad procedure that the foreign employer shall follow to recruit Indian workers. 
  4. Describe recruitment and terms of employment in conformity of the laws of both countries 
  5. Establish a Joint Working Group constituted to ensure implementation of the MOU and to meet regularly to find solutions to bilateral labor problems.

Overseas Workers’ Resource Center

A 24/7 hotline (+91.11.40503090 or toll free: 1.800.11.3090) provides information to emigrants, potential migrants and families in 11 languages. MOIA reports that “complaints or grievances received on the helpline are promptly attended to, and feedback provided to the complainant.” 

Submit public grievances with the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances.

Additionally, the Center monitors and follows up to address grievances, and offers walk-in counselling from 10am to 5pm:

D-19 Okhla Industrial Area

Phase-1, New Delhi -110019

Teachers’ Unions

Recruitment Agencies

Recruitment agencies must register with the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA). Registered recruiters are expected to follow guidelines outlined by MOIA:

  • Prominently display a copy of the registration certificate at the place of business indicated in the application, as well as registration number of the agent
  • Do no employ sub-agents, contractors, brokers or intermediaries 
  • Charge only the prescribed fee to migrants for services rendered. As of April 2, 2014:
    • The equivalent of 45 days wages outlined at the level of remuneration in the employment contract –OR–
    • A maximum Rs.20,000
  • Adhere to prescribed standard wages
  • File copes of advertisements for recruits with the Protector of Emigrants, with factually correct information and no inducement or misrepresentation
  • Do not charge the migrant repatriation expenses
  • Provide details of employment, including contract conditions, before recruitment
  • Provide receipt for payments from migrant
  • Arrange to test the trade or professional skills of potential migrants

Recruiters are also expected to facilitate 

  • Reception in country of employment
  • Completion of an unaltered contract, and prevention of employer contract breaches
  • Timely renewal of documents for staying in-country
  • Amicable settlement of disputes between employer and migrant

The list of registered recruiters for India can be found by following these instructions, to an alphabetical list

Since recruitment agencies’ registration is valid for five years, they may be placed on a watch list by the MOIA within that time frame. Currently watch listed recruiters can be found here.

Missions abroad

Find a mission in a foreign country with this alphabetized list of Missions and Consuls.